定年後の読書ノートより
対訳 国際貢献Q&A、外務省海外広報課、講談社バイリンガルブックス
Why is "development assistance " needed?

Economic progress in the developing countries has brought great benefits to developed countries, including Japan ,as a result of new stimuli to economic exchange in the form of trade , investment ,etc.Japan is a small countries in the term of natural resources and depends to a large extent on developing countries for food and energy resources needed for the daily needs of its people .

Japan's use of development assistance as one way of contributing to good relations with developing countries is at the same time important as a means of ensuring Japan's sense of security in the broad sense of the term.

What are some important examples of assistance from Japan?

Bilateral assistance may be in the form of "grant aid", "Technical cooperation", or "loan aid".

Grant aid cooperation is assistance in the form of providing grant without repayment. These grants are given mainly to the so-called "Least Developed countries"(LDC)and to other developing countries with severe fiscal situations .Important fields for this cooperation are basic human needs such as medical and health services, hygiene, and water supplies, as well as "human resources development", including education and research.

Technical cooperation is assistance focused on "human resources development" (training of people with special skills and knowledge and the raising of technological levels)which promotes the overall development of the recipient countries. This largely involves acceptance of trainees in Japan, dispatch of experts from Japan to developing countries , and provision of equipment or materials for the transfer of technologies.

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